Thyroid Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis

Are you cold all the time? Does your hair fall out when you brush it? Always tired? Can’t Sleep? Gain weight easily but can’t lose it? You may have a thyroid problem.

What is thyroid, and where is your thyroid located? The thyroid gland is the endocrine gland that stores iodine and produc es iodine-containing hormones that are involved in the regulation of metabolism and the growth of the cells. The thyroid gland is located in the neck in front of the trachea. In humans, it has the shape of a butterfly and is located on the surface of the thyroid cartilage.

The basic symptoms of thyroid disease

Research has shown that the thyroid disorder symptoms are not as prominent as the resulting health catastrophe. Muscle pain. Pain in the joints and muscles would be an initial sign that depicts the presence of a malfunctioning thyroid gland. Neck related problems. Following on the symptoms of thyroid problems would expand to result in neck discomfort. Sleek posture feminine will notice a certain level of enlargement in their neck regions. The feel of having a swelled neck will introduce uneasiness. This is a visible warning sign that would make known the presence of a malfunctioning thyroid gland. Hair and skin changesHair loss has a direct relationship with a bad thyroid condition. Menstrual patterns. The symptoms of thyroid disease are made clear with “the irregular menstrual cycles”. With hypothyroidism, the individual would be forced to experience heavy and frequent period cycles. The times of menstruation would become much more painful. The condition of hyperthyroidism encompasses a shorter and infrequent menstrual phase. If the disease remains undiagnosed, the bearer would have to facade several problems related to infertility. Bad fat. Cholesterol that is not responsive to a controlled diet would direct towards hypothyroidism, while the reverse holds for hyperthyroidism. Thyroid would endow women who engage with low-fat diets a great increase in body mass. The unexplained weight increase would appear to be an alarming sign. Sleep disorder.

Symptoms of thyroid disease sneak to interrupt the sleep patterns. The bearer would feel sleepy even after a very long nap of 10 hours. This scenario of fatigue and exhaustion confirms the presence of a severe outline of undiagnosed thyroid disease. Consequently, they do not take any action until they are forced to do so later. Thyroid symptoms are numerous and often confusing to immediately find out. Several individuals can easily remain undiagnosed or receiving treatment for some other ailment for a number of years. Without a medical diagnosis, their hormone discrepancy might go unrecognized and the chronic nature of thyroid disease symptoms might go undetected and even prove to be fatal. Insomnia at one time often leads to irritability during the day and, in rare cases, in a tiny account, to panic attacks – read more here. To avoid this, it is necessary to identify problems with the bristle gland at an early stage.

Sometimes, even the local family doctors are unable to identify the disease quickly and treat the patient for general body weakness, anemia, and so on. It is, therefore, necessary to undergo the thyroid tests at the earliest so that you can rule that out totally and not let the symptoms persist.

You can do a lot of reading about the disease on your own and check whether some thyroid disease symptoms mentioned their matches with what you are undergoing.

Hypothyroidism: the main thyroid disorder symptoms

People who suffer from hypothyroidism can actually live with the condition for many years before it is finally discovered. As we age we tend to attribute some symptoms to the aging process or the stress of our lives. It is easier just to chalk it up to aging than to visit a doctor and find out that it is much worse. While it is easier to do this, it is not the best thing for you medically.

There are some hypothyroidism symptoms that you should be aware of. They can range in severity based on the level of the hormone deficiency. One of the more common symptoms that are sometimes overlooked may include tiredness and feeling sluggish. If you feel like you are very sleepy most of the time even though you are getting plenty of sleep and exercise, you should definitely ask your doctor to check your thyroid.

Other signs that may become more and more prevalent over the years include getting cold very easily. If you notice that you are extremely sensitive to cold conditions as well as being tired and sluggish, this is definitely a combination that should lead you into the doctor’s office.

Many people with hypothyroid conditions also have pale looking and very dry skin. They may experience the side effect of having a puffy looking face as well as a hoarse sounding voice. They can have unexplained weight gains as well, which should be very noticeable as clothes begin to fit differently or not at all. Their blood cholesterol levels can show an increase, and they can have painful muscle aches and tender or still joints.

Of the low thyroid symptoms that are common, women experience a very specific one. Hypothyroidism can cause very heavy menstrual periods. They can be heavier than normal and be very uncomfortable. When the hormones in the body are out of whack, the normal pain and discomfort that is typically common with a woman’s period can be magnified tremendously.

Another side effect of hypothyroidism is having brittle hair and fingernails. You may find that your hair falling out much more than normal and that your fingernails begin splitting and flaking more than usual. These are both things that will point to a thyroid condition.

Of the side effects of having an untreated problem, depression is the most serious. All the physical conditions that come with hypothyroidism can lead someone into a path of depression as well. Not feeling well most of the time is a downer and if it is not diagnosed and medicated it can lead to some pretty deep depression issues.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are devastating because the thyroid gland is so important for human life. This endocrine gland is found wrapped around the trachea in the neck. All-day, it is supposed to produce thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These are hormones which directly stimulate the metabolism and essentially control how much energy a person will have. It also produces the hormone calcitonin, which helps remove excess calcium from the bloodstream and store it is the bones.

Hypothyroidism is a condition that results in the hyposecretion of thyroid hormones. There can be many underlying causes (such as an improper immune response as in the case of autoimmune thyroid disorder – Hashimoto’s disease ) but the resulting effect on sufferers tend to be the same. When these hormones are produced in small or almost non-existent quantities, subjects have a hard time maintaining energy levels. In extreme cases, people with almost no thyroid function will find it difficult simply to get out of bed in the morning.



Detecting hypothyroidism symptoms is not just the job of a doctor. The signs of this condition are not always obvious but the effects on individuals can subtract significantly from their quality of life. Many people have endured months or even years of hypothyroidism and suffered the consequences that it has on their work and relationships needlessly.

Overactive thyroid

It is the condition wherein your thyroid produces excessive amounts of the thyroid hormones. Keep in mind that any imbalance in the levels of thyroid hormones adversely affects bodily functions at the cellular levels. And because of such wide-ranging effects on the body, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism likewise affect the individual in many ways.  These symptoms include excessive sweating, intolerance even to the smallest changes in heat levels, increased bowel movements, fine shaking of the hands and body, unwarranted nervousness and agitation, heart palpitations, sudden weight loss, unexplained fatigue and, for women, scant and irregular menstrual flow.  

In many severe cases of an overactive thyroid, mental changes such as lack of concentration, confused of mind, and even delirium are also observed. Indeed, you must have yourself properly diagnosed as these symptoms can often be attributed to other diseases.  

Fortunately, there are medical thyroid treatments.  Your doctor should be able to prescribe said medications to get your condition under control successfully. You also need to take adequate amounts of calcium, which for adults range from 1,000 to 1,200 milligrams daily.  Such amounts can come from either food sources like milk and dairy products or from supplements.

Special cases like Graves’ ophthalmology require additional care to protect the eyes against the elements. Thus, wearing protective sunglasses and using eye lubricants as well as cooling compresses are highly recommended for individuals with said cases. Indeed, you should not despair if you have been diagnosed with an overactive thyroid.  With the many medical and natural treatments available, your thyroid should be back in fighting form, so to speak.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis – autoimmune thyroid disease

As an autoimmune disease, the predominant mechanism of action leading to the condition is a result of thyroid antibodies created by the immune system. These antibodies trigger the immune cells to specifically attack the thyroid gland resulting in inflammation of the gland.

A complete case history will highlight characteristic signs and symptoms associated with the condition as it progresses and coupled with a family history of autoimmune diseases, a differential diagnosis of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may be reached. A follow-up blood test for thyroid antibodies will verify the autoimmune mechanism of action thereby confirming the diagnosis.

Synthetic thyroid hormones, like levothyroxine, are most commonly used in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and the dosage will vary depending on the severity of the condition and response to the initial course of treatment. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a chronic condition and treatment is usually ongoing, however, the dosage of levothyroxine may have to be altered at different intervals to maintain normal thyroid hormone levels. Levothyroxine or any other medication used for the treatment of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis should not be altered without the supervision of a medical doctor or endocrinologist. The reduction of the signs and symptoms associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis does not mark a resolution of the condition and a progressive worsening of these signs and symptoms should not prompt an increased dosage without the appropriate medical supervision.

Diagnosis of the thyroid gland

Palpation. This is the first thing that an examination of the thyroid gland begins with: the doctor needs to examine and feel the neck, evaluate the general appearance of the patient.

This allows you to determine the size of the thyroid gland approximately, the presence, and localization of nodes in it, the mobility of the gland when swallowing, the size of the lymph nodes. Puffiness of the face and parsimony of facial expressions – and vice versa, a skinny face with an anxious look – can also indicate problems with the thyroid gland. Modern diagnostic methods allow you to determine thyroid disease confidently. Methods for the diagnosis of thyroid diseases include: Comprehensive research: ultrasound diagnostics, which determines the size of the thyroid gland and possible nodular formations. A blood test for thyroid hormones is also a mandatory procedure.

This shows the difference between normal thyroid levels and your thyroid hormone blood counts. If changes were detected during ultrasound diagnostics, a radioisotope medical examination is carried out, thyroid scintigraphy. It allows you to see the difference between the so-called hot and cold nodes, i.e. nodes with active and inactive metabolism. An x-ray of the neck and chest organs allows you to confirm or rule out thyroid cancer and the presence of lung metastases. Also, squeezing or displacement of the trachea and esophagus with retrosternal goiter will be visible on the x-ray. More detailed information about testing and diagnosis of the thyroid gland can be learn this.

– Computed tomography is a detailed radiographic method that combines the benefits of ultrasound and conventional x-ray. It allows performing a targeted biopsy of nodes, as with an ultrasound. It is used less often than others due to the high cost of equipment and the procedure itself.

– Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to get a three-dimensional image of the thyroid gland without radiation exposure and contrast agents, but is informative in comparison with ultrasound and is not the main diagnostic method. It is mainly prescribed for retrosternal goiter.

– Using fine-needle puncture from the thyroid gland, it is possible to extract cellular material for examination under a microscope, the purpose of which is to distinguish benign from malignant changes. This study is called a thyroid biopsy.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer isn’t common when compared to other types of cancers, and in most cases, the signs of thyroid cancer are easy to notice. When detected early, thyroid cancer is very treatable, with only 1,630 deaths and 37,200 new diagnoses each year. However, the rarity of thyroid cancer is what makes doctors jobs most difficult. Because thyroid cancer isn’t as common as other types of cancer, many people are often unaware of the signs and symptoms. Even fewer people would die from this illness each year if everyone knew the warning signs to look for. A thyroid biopsy is performed to determine the type of cancer and prescribe the correct treatment.

Treatment for hypothyroidism and other thyroid disorders

The primarily accepted form of treatment for this condition is the administration of synthetic thyroid hormones. Synthroid is a marketed form of Levothyroxine, a synthetic counterpart for thyroxine, the hormone that is naturally secreted by the thyroid gland. A possibility to receive an additional hormone is vital to those who suffer from hypothyroidism, a very dangerous and discomforting disease. Patients all over the world choose Synthroid to cure such diseases as goiter, problems related to hypothyroidism, and to prevent the recurrence of thyroid cancer. Synthroid: a medicine that treats all types of hypothyroidism. The normal way that doctors prescribe medicine is as a pill taken once daily, usually in the morning. Some patients only take doses as small as 10 or 20 mg. Others need to take as much as 100 mg per day. While some patients appear to resist the thyroid medications at first, they may just need to pulverize the pills before taking them.

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Effective and safe, Synthroid has a good reputation both among medical specialists and patients.

Warning! It is necessary to start treating the thyroid gland at an early stage, since further changes in the thyroid gland lead to hormonal problems. In a critical condition of the thyroid gland, surgical intervention may be required to remove the thyroid gland. To prevent this, we recommend the drug Synthroid. It is necessary to consult with your doctor before taking Synthroid.

While eating some of these foods can be good for you, there are also some foods that can make the symptoms worse and should only be eaten in moderation. They include peanuts, sweet potatoes, turnips, kale, cabbage, and lima beans. If you have this condition you should also avoid drinks that include large amounts of caffeine.

Splitting your meals up into more small meals is also a great, natural way to control your body’s production of thyroid. You can improve your negative side effects by just making lifestyle changes. If you can implement a thyroid treatment that will improve your quality of life in all-natural ways, why not give it a try. You can feel better because your body is regulating and you are getting more exercise.

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