How thyroid hormones affect our psyche

The development of the body requires plenty of nutrients to produce the right balance of chemicals. This is essential in early childhood and throughout life that the release of hormones is consistent. The thyroid gland produces hormones throughout the body and when it doesn’t produce enough it will result in hypothyroidism.

Studies have shown that the causes of hypothyroidism are related to a deficiency in iodine and stress. These are normally enough to affect the thyroid gland from under producing. The stages of the symptoms are also rather gradual overtime where they reach a point of an extreme change of physical appearance. For newborns, if this is not corrected then it will result in what is called cretinism, a mental and physical handicap. The stages of hypothyroid symptoms are determined by the pathology which is a result of lack of the right minerals or the constant lack of production from the thyroid. These cause the symptoms to develop from early to advanced stages of hypothyroidism. Here are some results from the hypothyroid symptoms check-list:

– Depression – the lack of thyroid hormones will cause neurological disorders.

– Fatigue – such as sleepiness, very little sweat and exhaustion.

– Depressed reflexes – very slow responsiveness, irritability and joint pain.

There are some physical signs that a person is suffering from depressive illness including body aches and pain in various parts of the body, most often in the stomach, bowels, muscles, joints, as well as quite severe back and neck pain. Problems of the digestive system are also a common symptom of depression and anxiety, ranging from diarrhea to constipation, these symptoms should also be taken into consideration when diagnosing someone with a depressive illness. The constant feeling of fatigue and exhaustion along with insomnia are also common depression symptoms, which combined can make the situation for the person affected even worse if they can’t get enough sleep. A very widespread symptom is the feeling of exhaustion even after waking up – this happens to a large number of people suffering from depression. Even though chest pain can be an indication of a dangerous heart condition such as a heart attack, or a lung and respiratory condition as well, often people who are depressed will complain of chest pains without any other underlying physical cause. A chronic depressive disorder is not just an uncomfortable disease. Such a mental state can lead to a serious disruption in the functioning of the immune system to the development of dangerous diseases, including thyroid cancer.

Other physical symptoms of depression include reoccurring headaches and migraine headaches, they can appear as new symptoms in a depressed person, or become more persistent and strong if the depressed person used to have them before. People suffering from depression will often experience a change in appetite and weight, in some cases, depression may cause a lack of appetite and weight loss, and in other cases, it will cause overeating and weight gain. A typical symptom of depression is decreased and even missing libido. Depressed people may refuse and even be sickened by the idea of having sex. In many cases, the antidepressants prescribed for the depression will also affect the desire for sexual intercourse as well. Often people who are depressed will generally feel quite a lot of physical symptoms; many will describe their condition as extremely “run down” like when suffering from a very bad flu.  These physical symptoms can make a depressed person not want to come out of bed at all.

These symptoms can take place during different ages in life and are usually from extreme results. Many areas around the world are known for the lack of essential minerals that the body needs.

Hormone-balance disorders and psychological problems

Numerous studies indicate that patients with depression have some signs of thyroid dysregulation. Patients with low levels of the thyroid-stimulating hormone are quite prone to depression. Low levels of triiodothyronine and elevated thyroxine levels, dull thyroid-stimulating hormone response to TRH, elevated concentrations of TRH in CSF, and a positive thyroid antibody test are some of the most common problems people face when it comes to thyroid health.

The thyroid hormone so produced by the thyroid gland in our body is of the following type:

– T3 (triiodothyronin).

– T4 (thyroxin).

The thyroid hormone is synthesized because of the iodine present inside our body. The T4 (thyroxin) is the thyroid hormone that is present in a greater amount in our blood as compared to the T3 hormone. Also, the T3 hormone has a shorter life span as compared to the T4 hormone.

T3 and T4 are so crucial for every human because they are responsible for one key element – transporting oxygen into cells!

And oxygen, on the other hand, is needed for metabolism. For most of us, it is already common to know that without oxygen a living being cannot survive. The same is valid for our cells too. If our cells don’t get enough oxygen it is no wonder that they will show much lower activity than if they work with enough oxygen. The brain, poorly supplied with oxygen, does not work properly, causing memory and attention disorders, anxiety, and depression.

The thyroid can only produce these hormones if it can absorb enough iodine. That’s another area of the things a thyroid can do. It has the capability of absorbing iodine from anything we are using as food or iodized salt.

When the thyroid is working well it makes a combination of the collected iodine and tyrosine which is an amino acid. After this combination process, it makes the conversion of this combined tyrosine into T3 and T4.

As the T3 is the more active hormone but only produced in 20% of the time (80% is T4) another conversion process is done. This time the T4 is also turned to T3 but not only in the thyroid. It is also seen that the brain is also performing this T4 to T3 transformation.

Regulatory action for thyroid hormone production

In order to maintain a balance between the amounts of the thyroid hormone produced, the pituitary gland checks the amount of the hormone produced in the blood and accordingly adjusts to the hormone production. If there is an excess amount of the hormone produced or in case the hormone so produced has a lesser quantity than a feedback acts which in some way or the other keeps a check on the fact that normal and required quantity of the thyroid hormone is produced inside the blood. For instance, if there is an excessive amount of the hormone then, the TRH and TSH amounts are reduced in the bloodstream.

Information about the thyroid hormone:

T3 (triiodothyronin):

– It is basically produced from the T4 and is a metabolically active hormone.

– They have specific protein on the surface of the cell membrane for their transportation.

– The receptors are bound to elements in the gene promotion and enable activation as well as inhibition.

– Also, the tissues are sensitive to the T3 hormone.

– The molecules of the body which are affected by the R3 are the proteins, glucose, lipids, etc.

T4 (thyroxine):

– It is formed due to the secretions of the follicles of the thyroid gland.

– It controls metabolic processes and physical development in the body.

– It is involved in the transportation of the proteins inside the body.

The thyroid hormone plays an important role in the metabolic activities of the body and also the growth and development of all the tissues inside the body. If in case the thyroid gland is hypoactive or hyperactive then it results in health disorders related to the same.

Getting treatment for this illness is crucial, in order to eliminate all the mental and the physical symptoms of depression if left untreated because there is a risk that if the pain or other bothering physical symptoms aren’t resolved, this could lead to further depression and even to suicidal thoughts or actions. Therefore, it is very important to establish a hormonal balance and treat thyroid diseases in a timely manner in order to resume your own physical and mental health.

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